What is Chromecast?
The Chromecast is a streaming digital media player brought to us by Google. It uses the DIscovery And Launch protocol (DIAL) to allow users to mirror content from handheld devices to the Chromecast which would be plugged into a television set. Chromecast connectivity is via 802.11b/g/n (2.4GHz only) and does not support 802.1x so WPA2 personal (Preshared Key) is required.
Clients discover Chromecast devices using SSDP (simple service discovery protocol) which involves sending a UDP packet to port 1900 on multicast address 18.104.22.168, this address has a TTL set to 1 so will not be routed across subnets.
Chromecast and FortiWifi/FortiAPs
Chromecasts and other wireless devices connected to the same SSID should have no issues discovering each other as long as intra-SSID blocking is not enabled. SSIDs which are bridged to the AP interface also will have no issues with wired devices on that same bridged subnet.
In a corporate environment there are a few things to consider:
- Wireless access is typically 802.1x so the Chromecasts will be connecting to a different wireless network. Multicast forwarding will be required.
- It will be desirable to limit Chromecast access to prevent abuse, you don’t want everyone on the wireless network to have the ability to cast whatever they desire.
The best way to limit access for users connecting to the same SSID is via Dynamic VLAN (info can be found here)
Here are the steps for successful Chromecast discovery and streaming:
Firewall policies between subnets must be created (Chromecast SSID <—> Employee SSID) both ways and without NAT enabled.
The Fortigate needs to be configured to not adjust TTL:
config system settings set multicast-ttl-notchange enable end
Multicast policies must be configured (this is where access can be restricted:
config firewall multicast-policy edit 1 set srcintf "chromecasttest" set dstintf "employeeWifi" set srcaddr "all" set dstaddr "all" next edit 2 set srcintf "employeeWifi" set dstintf "chromecasttest" set srcaddr "all" set dstaddr "all" next end
With the above configured the Chromecast should be discovered by wireless/wired clients on other subnets.